Page Menu. Diseases and Conditions. Abscess: First Aid. Actinic Solar Dermatitis.
Mast Cell Tumors in Cats
Mast cell tumors in cats: clinical update and possible new treatment avenues.
Mast Cell Tumors in Cats. Mast cell tumors in d ogs. What are mast cell tumors? Mast cells are present in most tissues, and are especially prominent in the skin, lining of the lungs and digestive tract, mouth and nose. They are an important component of the immune system, with functions in inflammation and allergy reactions. Mast cell tumors MCTs are formed by the abnormal proliferation of mast cells, and when the entire body is affected, the disease is referred to as mastocytosis. Mast cells can release several biologically active chemicals such as histamine and heparin, which can be very damaging to the body when released in excess by the tumor cells.
Mast Cell Tumor in Cats
In the case of a mast cell tumor, the healthy cell begins to mutate and take on an abnormal shape and can grow and reproduce, invading other nearby tissue. Mast cell tumors can be benign non-cancerous or malignant cancerous and have varying degrees or ratings. Mast cell tumors have a tendency to affect older cats over 10 years of age and are especially prevalent in Siamese cat breeds. Mast cell tumors are also sometimes referred to as mastocytomas.
Mast cells are a normal part of your cat's immune system: they are a type of white blood cell. Occasionally, a mast cell can become a tumor , logically called a mast cell tumor. There are two types:. External skin mast cell tumors generally form on the head, neck and body, but can be anywhere. They are small, firm, raised, hairless and can become itchy.