O utside the infancy narratives, it is never suggested that Jesus was not Joseph's real son and the full brother of James, Joseph, Simon and Judas. Nor does the New Testament ever state that Mary remained a virgin. In fact, Matthew seems to contradict this when reporting that Joseph abstained from "knowing" her until the birth of Jesus. The earliest source of Mary's lasting virginity is the legendary first gospel of James. From its late-second-century non-Jewish author derives also the tale that Joseph was old, a widower whose children from a former marriage were known as Jesus' brothers and sisters. The doctrine of the virginal pregnancy is based on the accounts in Matthew and Luke.
John Calvin on the Perpetual Virginity of Mary — The Daily Genevan
July 19, Our insight into Mary's virginal conception of Jesus comes from the Gospels of Matthew and from Luke. The virginal conception is not referred to in Paul, Mark or John. Raymond Brown asserts that the belief in the virginal conception preceded Matthew and Luke:. It seems clear that the two evangelists traditionally known as Matthew and Luke, writing in the era AD. Neither evangelist knew the other's infancy narrative, and the fact that a virginal conception through the power of the Holy Spirit is one of the few points on which they agree means that this tradition antedated both accounts. Indeed, it had been in circulation long enough to have developed into or to have been employed in narratives of a quite diverse character and to have circulated in different Christian communities.
One such example is Matthew Here's a traditional response:. There is another passage usually brought up as a evidence that Mary was not perpetually a virgin, Matthew 1.
Diane Apostolos-Cappadona does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. Whatever the final outcome on this finding, as a scholar of religious art , I would suggest that, beyond the immediate charm of his art creations, Leonardo invites viewers into a religious message. Leonardo was one of the greatest artists in history.